The energy from the sun gets converted into energy through the solar photovoltaic cells in the solar panels. After installation, the PV cells convert the sun’s energy into DC or direct current. An AC or alternating current is also produced when the DC is converted through the inverter connected to the system.
AC is the power your house needs, and it runs through a similar process to the electricity coming from the grid. You can potentially run the whole house using the solar panels as long as you get enough sunlight, and the panels are installed in the right locations.
For now, many solar panel owners still connect their power source to the grid. It comes in handy at times when you don’t get enough power from the solar source. With this set-up, you will be assured of uninterrupted service no matter what the season is.
In using solar panels, electricity is generated by creating an electric field, which happens when there is an interaction between opposite charges. When the cells receive the sunlight, the movement of atoms causes the electrons to be released. DC is produced upon the interaction of electrons emitted from the solar cell and the protons released from the sun. The electricity will then travel through wires and can already be used in providing power to your house.